Participants were eight male patients, ages 55 to 64. Patients have a prostate-related illness. Participants were patients of the College of Physicians and Surgeons at Columbia University.



Before and after receiving acupuncture treatment, patients answered the SF-36v2 Health Survey. The survey is a standardized test, which assesses general health-related conditions, such as physical functioning, bodily pain, general health, vitality, social functioning, and mental health. The survey was also used to estimate the overall physical functioning and mental health of the patients. The survey has norms for U.S. population of different ages and gender.


Data Analysis

Paired-Samples T-test analyses were conducted a) to examine individual differences in each of the subscales of the survey, b) to examine group mean differences for each of the scales, and c) to compare the participants with the norms of U.S. population with similar demographic characteristics. Tables and figures were constructed to graphically display the results.